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[Children wrestling outside a Jewish soup kitchen, Berlin]

Date mid- to late 1930s (printed 2012)
Location Berlin Germany
Dimensions Image: 9 x 13 1/2 in. (22.9 x 34.3 cm)
Print medium Photo-Digital-Inkjet

Unlike soup kitchens for the poor, Mittelstand Küchen served the German Jewish middle-class, providing tablecloths, silverware, and entertainment in addition to nourishment. As a result of mounting antisemitism and wide-reaching Nazi racial policies, many middle-class German Jews became impoverished in the 1930s. By retaining aspects of middle-class life, Mittelstand Küchen helped them maintain their pride while benefiting from community assistance.


© Mara Vishniac Kohn

Credit line

International Center of Photography

Feedback Accession No. 2012.79.20